Hall Vet Surgery has been advised that the Cylap Rabbit Vaccine is out of stock Australia wide, with more supply expected to arrive in early 2022. In the meantime, we would like to pass on some information that could help to keep your rabbit safe.
What is Rabbit Calicivirus?
Rabbit Calicivirus (also known as rabbit haemorrhagic disease or RHD) is caused by the rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV), a type of calicivirus which is fatal in non-immune rabbits. There are currently three pathogenic strains of this virus in wild rabbit populations in Australia, vaccination offers protection from some but not all of the strains.
How is Rabbit Haemorrhagic Disease Virus spread?
- Contact with infected rabbits (surviving rabbits can continue to shed RHDV for at least a month after they recover)
- Fomites (objects) including contaminated food
- Insects (flies, fleas and mosquitos)
- Birds and mammals that eat infected rabbit carcasses may excrete infectious viruses in faeces
How can I reduce the risk of RHDV infection?
RHDV can remain in the environment for an extended period and can be transmitted on objects and via some insects. The following precautions can reduce the risk of infection:
- Keep your pet rabbit indoors
- Rabbit-proof your backyard to prevent access by wild rabbits
- Regularly decontaminate equipment and materials including cages, hutches, bowls etc, with either 10% bleach or 10% sodium hydroxide
- Do not pick food (such as grass or vegetables) for your rabbit from outside of your yard
- Limit contact between and handling of unfamiliar pet rabbits
- Decontaminate hands, shoes and clothing after handling other than your own rabbits
- Control fleas
- Control insects (especially flies) as much as possible both indoors and outdoors
- Remove uneaten food on a daily basis.
More information on RHVD can be found here. Otherwise, feel free to give us a call on (02) 6230 2223.
We now have Calicivirus Vaccine back in stock, please call us on 6230 2223 to make an appointment.
Warning for all rabbit owners: To control wild rabbit populations a new strain of Calicivirus has been released.
In order to protect pet rabbits from this virus, the Department of Primary Industries is recommending that pet rabbits are now vaccinated EVERY 6 MONTHS with Cylap® Calicivirus vaccine. The Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) state that this vaccine has not been tested against the new strain of Calicivirus but have suggested this more intensive – but off-label – use of the existing vaccine be used. This protocol can be discussed with your vet.
Pet rabbits that have not been previously vaccinated should receive two vaccinations, one month apart, and then every 6 months for life. Newborn rabbits should be vaccinated at 4, 8, and 12 weeks old, and then every 6 months for life.
Until this latest Calicivirus release, the vaccination schedule was
to vaccinate your rabbit every 12 months – this has now changed to six months.
Please call reception at Hall Veterinary Surgery on 6230 2223
to check your pet rabbit’s vaccination status.
In addition to altering the vaccination from yearly to twice yearly, ensure your pet rabbit has NO contact with wild rabbits;
- avoid feeding from potentially contaminated grass;
- wash your hands between handling rabbits and
- maintain good insect control for your pet rabbit.
Kittens are due for their first check up and vaccination at 8 weeks of age. A booster at 12 weeks protects against enteritis and cat flu for 12 months.
Feline Enteritis causes vomiting and diarrhoea and is usually fatal.
Cat flu caused by Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus and/or Feline Calicivirus is not often fatal. Early signs of cat flu are sneezing and watery eyes. Later, affected cats go off their food, lose weight and may develop chronic snuffles. Flu is contagious to other cats and cats with signs of flu cannot enter boarding catteries. Flu vaccination minimises signs of disease but does not guarantee full protection against infection.
Cats beginning the vaccination schedule after 12 weeks of age receive one booster a month later.
Your cat will need a booster vaccination 12 months after the initial course, and then yearly.
Vaccines work best in healthy cats, so a full examination is mandatory before each vaccination.
|At 8 weeks if possible
||4 weeks later
||12 months later and annual thereafter